Chapter 2 : Introduction to Special Education
* What Is Special Education?
* The Modern History Of Special Education
* Prevalence Of Students With Exceptionalities
* Inclusionary Practices
* The Categorical Model
What Is Special Education?
* students with exceptionalities exhibit differences in learning and behaviour that significantly affect their educational potential - they have exceptional needs that cannot be met by typical approaches to schooling * special education is constructed and delivered to suit the specific strengths and needs of students with exceptionalities The Modern History Of Special Education
* special types of educational services provided as far back as the 18th century * modern era of special education began in the 1960s during the civil rights movement (rejected existing practices of separately educating students who were different) * early forms of special education designed to reduce perceived threats to normal students History Of Special Education (Legislation Affecting Special Education) * some Canadian provinces enacted special education legislation as early as 1969 * 1975 - ground breaking legislation in U.S.
Education for All Handicapped Children Act
* least restrictive environment
* individualized education program (IEP)
* categories of exceptionality
* 1978 - Javits Gifted & Talented Students Act brought number of identifiable categories to eleven * 1990 - Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) added traumatic brain injury and autism to create the thirteen categories used today * IDEA - “children with disabilities” instead of “disabled children” The No Child Left Behind Act: signed into law in 2002
* addresses four critical concerns
* accountability of educators for student academic achievement * flexibility of specialized funding implementation to maximize student achievement * option for parents to change...
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