It is important to understand criminology in order to help restore those deviant to society, the Canadian Criminal Justice System portrays this as its sole purpose. The Canadian Justice System is one of Canada’s largest and financially absorbent social institutions. This institution has three components that are meant to entail its own function and responsibilities. These aspects include law enforcement agencies, correctional agencies and institutions and the courts. Law enforcement agencies principal occupation is to protect the society, avert prospective crime and to detain and apprehend criminals. Law enforcement is implemented and achieved by the police. In Canada, each municipality requires a sufficient amount of police in order to preserve law and order, a statistic shows that there is approximately one police officer for every four hundred and seventy five people. Law enforcement is dependent on the continuation of the Canadian courts. The courts of Canada are utilized through processing those accused of crime by police. This coordination is formally known as adversarial. Adversarial guarantees that the accused will be represented by a lawyer opposing the prosecution (the crown) in attempt to triumph their case. Canada offers those who cannot afford a lawyer, one, through a taxpayers’ disbursement. The system as provided by the courts ensures the fair trial of persons convicted. Those who are convicted by the courts become participants of correctional agencies. Correctional agencies are the most important of the Canadian Justice System, as it is responsible for rehabilitating, protecting, punishing and deterring detainees (and society). As a result prisoners are able to participate as an effective member of the community when released.
A structural functionalist would suggest that penitentiaries are a vital organ in society, as they rehabilitate individuals in an organized and systemic manner. Correctional agencies in Canada understand that rehabilitation is a valuable component to the success of a detainee within society. Rehabilitation allows for the improvement and reforming of an offender. The ultimate goal for reforming is to recuperate an individual into being able to make the choice not to offend continually; however not through fear, but through understanding “what and how an offender thinks, how he views his world, how well he understands people, what he values, how he reasons and how he attempts to solve problems.” In Canada it has been established that most prisoners will not remain within a detention centre ‘forever’, and therefore they must be obliged to rehabilitate in order for the society to reaccept them as an individual and not an offender. Rehabilitation programs require a substantial amount of financial prerequisites that is acquired through taxes; however they have been proven both effectual and required. Amongst several rehabilitative programs within the correctional agency of Canada, the Reasoning and Rehabilitation Program, has earned a renowned title within North America. The Reasoning and Rehabilitation program has congealed that traditional offender rehabilitation focuses exponentially on changing the way offenders act. The fundamental notions of these cognitive lessons for prisoner rehabilitation is to further purpose that “since faculty thinking patterns propel offenders toward recidivism, programs should try to change the way offenders think, not the way they act.” The Reasoning and Rehabilitation cognitive exercise is dependent on the notion that offenders are often under-socialized and therefore are negligent to “the values, attitudes, reasoning and social skills which are required for pro-social adjustment”; however offenders have the potential to have socialization skills re-taught to them. Rehabilitation offers offenders a chance to become productive members of society again. Correctional agencies also ensure the safety of the public, through protection. Imprisoning violent...
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