Analyse the trial scene and its relationship to the rest of the novel:
The trial scene, which takes up several chapters of the book, can be seen as the climax of the story. This part of the book sums up some themes Harper lee refers to in the novel such as racial prejudice, morality, injustice and maturity. The trial is the backbone of the novel, and was an effective way to for the author to show that racism was present in the society of Maycomb and its relationship with the novel becomes apparent. Shortly before the trial begins, Scout has made Mr Cunningham “stand in someone else’s shoes” by singling him out of the lynching mob and getting him to view the Tom Robinson case from the view of her father. This is all a lead up to the trial scene and the chapters that follow help set the scene, atmosphere and the people who attend. At the beginning of the book, Jem and Scout start off being playful kids, and their relationship is one of closeness. They spend their summers creating role plays with their friend Dill. However as the novel progresses, we can see Jem's rapid development into maturity. Scout realises this sudden transformation as she says "In addition to Jem's newly developed characteristics, he had acquired a maddening air of wisdom." This shows Jem in a new light but Scout is not a fan of his sudden change and matures in a different way to Jem.
We can see in both characters, Jem and Scout, that there is maturity in their awareness in the trial scene, they move from childlike innocence to adult knowledge, their feelings to injustice are greatly altered by injustice and prejudice. Dill, however, still has his childish attitude in the trial and makes a contrast with the growing maturity of that of Scout & Jem. He responds to the wickedness of Mr Gilmer’s cross examination by running out the courtroom in tears, and Scout has to take on the role of mature person. Mr Raymond speaks to the children, he shows them that he believes in equality and shows...
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