Criminal Justice System

Topics: Crime, Criminal justice, Police Pages: 2 (731 words) Published: April 11, 2011
Criminal Justice System Paper
What individuals call criminal activity has undoubtedly been with individuals since the first light of history, and crime control has long been a primary concern of politician and government leaders’ world wide. Still, the American experience with crime during the last half century has been especially influential in shaping the criminal justice system of today. This paper will explain the components of the criminal justice system, the criminal justice process, definition of crime and the relationship crime has to law, and the government structure as it applies to the criminal justice system.

The criminal justice consist of three core components Police, Courts, and Corrections; each of the components has its’ function and purpose. According to Frank Schmalleger (2009)“The police enforce the law, investigate crimes, apprehend offenders, reduce and prevent crimes, maintain public order, ensure community safety, provide emergency and related community service, and protect fundamental rights”(Criminal Justice Today.) The courts conduct fair and impartial trials, decide criminal cases, ensure due process, determine guilt or innocence imposes sentences of the guilty, uphold the law, require fairness throughout the justice process, protect the rights and freedom of anyone facing processing by the justice system and provide a check on the exercise of power by other justice system agencies. The corrections carry out sentences imposed by the courts, provide safe and human custody and supervision of offenders, protect the community, rehabilitate, reform, and reintegrate convicted offenders back into the community, and respect the legal and human rights of the convicted (Criminal Justice Today.)

The American justice process begins with investigation and arrest, once a crime has been revealed, evidence and information is collected at the scene. A follow-up investigation attempts to reform the chain of activities. Although a few offenders...
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