Criminal Law with Graphs for Students

Topics: Law, Criminal law, Crime Pages: 17 (3521 words) Published: January 13, 2014
CRIMINAL LAW
Table of Contents
CRIMINAL LAW ......................................................................................................................... 1 INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................................... 1 Historical evolution of criminal law .......................................................................................... 1 Crime – Nature and definition social & legal context – ............................................................ 2 Definition of Crime ..................................................................................................................... 3 What is Offence? ................................................................................................................ 4 Criminal law ........................................................................................................................ 5 Indian Criminal Law ............................................................................................................ 6 Ingredients to Crime ............................................................................................................... 7 The elements of crime are a series of components which must be presented in order for it to be demonstrated that someone is guilty of a crime. ........................................................................ 7 There are four chief element of Crime i.e. .................................................................................. 7

INTRODUCTION
Historical evolution of criminal law
Starting from Vedic age the law in India has evolved from religious directions, which operate the human conduct between do and don’t. It was not the law of crime but the law of wrong, and more of religious prescriptions and philosophy which was shaped by the concept of “Dharma”, or rules of right conduct. Punishment for wrong was more popular than compensation, and it was the duty of the King to punish the offender. During the time of Manu Criminal law was getting it shaped, Manu recognized crime, justice, and punishment.

During Mugal period, administration of justice was regarded by the Muslim kings as a religious duty; Quran was the first and the most important source of law and criminal law was Islamic in nature, and Kazi were considered to be administrator of Criminal Justice, who explain and clarify the law.

Britishers laid the foundation of Modern Indian Criminal Law. When the Britishers came into India they adopted a different set of law which was based on British pattern, and it was not uniform across India.

Crime – Nature and definition social & legal context –
What is Crime?
To obtain the definition of crime, we must closely analyze the co relation between crime and law, crime and law is the intrinsic nature of any society, it is as old as society, in fact it is the by product of society, when ever people organized into groups or unions and set some basic rule to govern that groups or unions some kind of resistance or violation of those rules or principle appear as a crime, and it seems to social protest, and that group or union forced to develop some sort of rules or principle to cube that unwanted resistance or violation.

There is no simple and universal commentary on Crime, it is dynamic in nature and varies into geography. It is the Wish of the Society, or it always depend on the public opinion, about what you can and cannot do, or more precisely, rules that forbid certain conduct and then attach punishments for disobedience.

In general terms crime is defined as an act punishable by law as forbidden by statue or injurious to the public welfare. An action or omission, which constitutes an offence, and punishable by law. A crime is an illegal action or activity for which a person punishes by law.

Thus A crime may, therefore, be an act of noncompliance to such a law forbidding or commanding it. But then...
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