The Republic Act No. 10175, also known as the Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012, is an act that defines and punishes cybercrime to prevent and suppress its proliferation. It aims to effectively prevent and combat misuse, abuse and illegal access of the Internet by facilitating their detection, investigation, arrest and prosecution at both the domestic and international levels, and by providing arrangements for fast and reliable international cooperation. It was approved by President Benigno Aquino, Jr. on the 12th of September, 2012. Oct. 9, 2012- TRO is issued by Supreme Court for 120 days / Feb. 5, 2013 – extended / May 24 2013 – repealed. It is the first law in the Philippines which specifically criminalizes computer crime.
CHAPTER 2 – Punishable Acts
SECTION 4: Cybercrime Offenses
A. Offenses against the confidentiality, integrity and availability of computer data and systems Illegal access – includes Hacking
Illegal interception- eavesdropping through net.
Data or System interference - alter
Misuse of devices – using devices, programs or codes to harm or commit crime. Cyber squatting – usually using a domain name similar to an existing one and then uses it to make money out of destroying its reputation.
B. Computer-related offenses
Computer-related forgery – presenting false or fake information Computer-related fraud – obtaining another’s intellectual property Computer-related identity theft – using another’s identity to harm or commit a crime through Internet.
C. Content-related offenses
Cybersex – exhibition of sexual contents and activities
Child pornography –
Unsolicited commercial communications – includes spamming
Libel – written statement that harms a person’s reputation.
SECTION 5 includes;
i. Aiding or Abetting in the Commission of Cybercrime.
ii. Attempt in the Commission of Cybercrime.
Section 6 – The penalty for any crime committed through the use of information and communications technology...
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