The Universal Negro Improvement Asssociation
In the year 1914 the United Negro Improvement Association(UNIA) was formed by Marcus Garvey Jamaican political leader, journalist, entrepreneur, and orator who was a staunch proponent of the Black Nationalism and Pan-African movements. In 1912 Marcus Garvey travelled to London to meet with Duse Mohammed Ali, publisher of the African Times and Orient Review with the intention of discussing the richness of African history and its ancient states like Ghana and Ethiopia. Their discussion was the need of freeing Africa from the power of the European colony and to put a stop to white imperialism over the world’s colored races. He vowed to return to his home(Jamaica) to devote himself to the cause of African people who seemed to be in bondage around the world. Upon his return from London to Jamaica in 1914 Marcus Garvey came back with a mission to free Africa so that the blacks will retain their true home and Africans everywhere will recognize where they belong. With all of the wisdom that he has gathered during the years about the lifestyle of Africans under the European leadership motivated him into starting the first branch of the UNIA with the motto ‘One God, One Aim, One Destiny’. At the beginning there were a few problems as there were disagreements with another new organization, the Jamaican Federation of Labor but despite all complications Marcus Garvey’s determination weren’t weaken. Marcus Garvey went on to opening other branches of the UNIA in 40 countries. Marcus Garvey and the aim of the UNIA was to awaken black people’s mind, to make them feel their importance in the world and to strengthen the pride and self confidence of the African race and heritage in the black society.
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