Perspectives of Personality & Development

Topics: Psychology, Personality psychology, Sigmund Freud Pages: 4 (977 words) Published: August 21, 2013
Perspectives of Personality & Development
Antonio L Stevenson
PSY 211
June 26th, 2013
Dale Ironson

Perspectives of Personality & Development
A personality is an established, unique way of behaving, processing and interpreting information, and feeling and responding to motivations. Personalities play a large role in defining who individuals are in their own perspectives and in the perspectives of others. (Holmes, 2007) In the world of psychology there are four perspectives of personality. Those four perspectives of personality theories are as followed: trait, psychoanalytic, humanistic and socio-cognitive. They are all different but yet all describe how a person exploits certain behaviors.

The area of psychology with perhaps the most controversial history, due to it's complete lacking of observed evidence, psychoanalysis, has it's origins in the teachings of Sigmund Freud. Psychoanalysis is a form of therapy developed by Freud in the early 1900's,involving intense examinations into one's childhood, thought to be the origins of most psychopathology, which surfaced during adulthood.  Ideas about the subconscious, which saw the human mind as being in continuous internal conflict with itself, and theories that all actions are symbolic, for "there are no accidents", were also major themes of the psychoanalytic approach. Successful therapy was a long-term and costly process, which most people during that time, with the exception of the wealthy, could not afford.      

With the theory of traits, personalities are distinguishing characteristics that make a person who they are; they are unique to that person alone. Even though a lot of people might have similar personality traits each person combines these traits on a different way to create one unique irreplaceable assortment of traits that make up their individual personality. The Big Five trait theory is the most commonly used theory to determine a person’s personality. ("Big Five Personality...
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