Political Science and Economic Aspects​

Topics: Political science, Welfare, Sociology Pages: 6 (1928 words) Published: April 22, 2014
Political Science and Economic Aspects​​Walsh 9
Running Head: Political Science and Economic Aspects

​​Political Science and Economic Aspects of Social Welfare ​​​​​Kyle Walsh
​​​​Heartland Community College
​​​​ Fall Semester 2013


​​​Introduction: Social Welfare in the United States
​Social Welfare in the United States has been a controversy in this country since it's genesis. In 1935, when president FDR was elected as leader of a country struggling to lift themselves out of the Great Depression. Welfare Programs such as Social Security laid the foundation for the elaborate social welfare system that we have in our country today. The controversy itself lies in the fact that there are millions of unemployed Americans who find themselves reliant upon the government for many basic needs, however, catering to the needs of the people can have a drastic and insurmountable effect on the nation's economic and social stability. ​​​​​Background

​In each controversy imaginable, there are countless aspects to which the controversy can be viewed from and analyzed and discussed from. The two subject fields that are being discussed are Political Science and Economic as aspects of Social Welfare in the United States. ​Political science, by definition is, "the study of governments, public policies and political processes, systems, and political behavior." Political science subfields include political theory, political philosophy, political ideology, political economy, policy studies and analysis, comparative politics, international relations, and a host of related fields. Political scientists use both humanistic and scientific perspectives and tools and a variety of methodological approaches to examine the process, systems, and political dynamics of all countries and regions of the world.(American Political Science Association). ​The second discipline discussed in relation to social welfare is economics. As defined by Illinois State University, Economics is "the study of how to critically evaluate problems and make well-reasoned decisions. As such, the Economics major is particularly well suited to prepare you for the career challenges you will face in the twenty-first century by helping you develop important skills, including the ability to apply a general framework of analysis for solving "real-world" problems, conduct mathematical and statistical analysis, work with data to address specific issues, and effectively communicate, in written and oral form, with others. Economics is a way of thinking that builds on two basic ideas; there are always tradeoffs (we have to give something up to get something), and when choosing from a set of alternatives, we want to choose the alternative that makes us as well off as possible."(Economics ISU) ​​​​​Discussion

​The two articles being compared and discussed are "The Work Versus Welfare Trade-Off: An Analysis of the Total Level of Welfare Benefits by State." By Michael D. Tanner Stephen Moore and David Hartman. The other article is "Constitutions and public support for Welfare Policies" written by Takeshi Iida and Tetsuya Matsubayashi. ​In "The Work Versus Welfare Trade-Off: An Analysis of the Total Level of Welfare Benefits by State" the Cato Institute's Policy Analysis No.240, authors, Michael Tanner, Stephen Moore and David Hartman begin by stating that in debates in welfare reform, most people believe that welfare should encourage recipients to leave the welfare system and enter the workforce. They then state that in spite of this agreement,that none of the reform policies are successful in achieving this goal. They state that people receiving welfare are not lazy but instead want to get back into the workforce, however, they lack the skills necessary to obtain well paying jobs(Hartman pg. 2)The article continues to cover topics such as food stamps, Medicaid, Housing and Utilities assistance, Income Tax,...

References: ​About Cato.(2013). Cato Institute. Retrieved on October 10, 2013. cato.org

​American Political Science Association(2013)What is political Science?Retrieved Sept.23,2013aspsanet.org

Cato Institute.(2013)About Cato
Hartman, David. Moore, Stephen.Tanner, Michael D."The Work Versus Welfare Tradeoff: An Analysis of The Total Level of Welfare Benefits by State." Cato Institute 240(1995):n.pag.1-34

Illinois State University Department of Economics(2013) Undergraduate Program:Economics

Social Science Quarterly.(2013)
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