The Process of the Criminal Justice Process
Dr. Denise DeShields
January 13, 2013
The topic that I chose to describe is the criminal justice process. The criminal justice process is described as a process that involves a series of steps beginning with the investigation of the crime and the arrest of the suspect. The next step following the investigation is the pretrial activities, which include the first appearance, a preliminary hearing, information or indictment, and arraignment. Following the pretrial activities, is adjudication, this is where there is a trial by jury. A trial is heard and settled by this judicial procedure. Following adjudication the sentence is given. Lastly, the corrections stage begins.
The first step, investigation and arrest, is very important. Since there is already a crime that has been commented, getting as much evidence at the scene of the crime is critical. At the crime scene is also where the brainstorming begins for the police officers and investigators. An arrest warrant can be granted by a judge and in that warrant it provides, “the legal basis for an apprehension by the police.” (Schmalleger, 2011, p.18) “A warrant is, a writ issued by a judicial officer to perform a specified act and affording the officer protection from damages if he or she performs it.” (Schmalleger, 2011, p.18) Arrest is a serious step in the criminal justice process because no police officer wants to arrest the wrong individual. During the arrest and before the questioning the defendants are advised of their constitutional rights. These rights are known as Miranda Rights. Miranda Rights are a constitutional requirement, it protects the arrestee, and it also protects law enforcement and the prosecution from throwing out any evidence in the trial. After the arrest, suspects are placed in booking. Booking is described as, “A law enforcement or correctional administrative process officially recording an...
References: Schmalleger, F. 2011. Criminal justice today: An introductory text for the 21st century. Eleventh Edition, pp. 18,19, and 21
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