Promoting Universal Humanism from Blacks in Rita Dove’s Select poems *M. Kalai Nathiyal Dr. K. Palaniyappan PhD Research Scholar
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Annamalai university Chidambaram
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The History of the effective and creative efforts of black poets in America begins in 1746 with Lucy Terry’s Bar Fight, a poem is about Indian Raid on white settlement. And the Black women’s poetic works continued with Phills Wheatley’s poems on various subjects like moral , religious , moral , universality and humanistic quest . Universalism is a term used to identify particular doctrines considering all people in their formation. Universalism in the religious context claims that religion is a universal human quality. These poems confirm that the Black has literary voices to express their issues of the Eighteenth century. This essay attempts to transfer a brief study on the values of universal humanism in Rita Dove’s poetry.. This paper focuses on Promoting Universal Humanism in Rita Dove’s Select poems. Humanism is a group of philosophies and ethical perspectives which emphasize the value and agency of human beings, individually and collectively, and generally prefers individual thought and evidence (rationalism, empiricism), over established doctrine or faith (fideism). The term humanism can be ambiguously diverse, and there has been a persistent confusion between several related uses of the term because different intellectual movements have identified with it over time. In philosophy and social science, humanism refers to a perspective that affirms some notion of a "human nature" (contrasted with anti-humanism). In modern times, many humanist movements have become strongly aligned with secularism, with the term Humanism often used as a byword for non-theistic beliefs about ideas such as meaning and purpose. Rita Dove was born in Akron, Ohio, in a family where education was greatly valued. Dove displayed interest in literature by writing plays and stories at an early age. Supported by her high school teacher, Dove then became interested in professional writing. She did well in her studies, in 1970 she was among the top one hundred U.S. high school seniors. Dove enrolled at Miami University in Oxford and graduated in 1973. The same year she received a Fulbright scholarship to study at Tubingen University in West Germany. She travelled in Europe, northern Africa, and Israel; the influence of different cultures is reflected in her works. As the poet Yusef Komunyakaa says about African American poetry today. Dove’s poet majorly concentrates with the western traditions which is also majorly from Plato and Greek lyric poets so on. A good deal of works found very attractive and creatively, who stand poles apart in respect of time , distance , culture and Language. Many of the poems are centered on recalling memories and the Renaissance of African Americans
Dove imbibed and tells about the serious notion of “Strategic essentialism” is essentially helped to assure the survival of African Americans in a racist society which deeply exclaimed with the Black identity and culture. Dove’s poetry extends her cosmopolitan revised universalism by deploying a blues- nomadic subjectivity that signifies on our preconceived notions of “neighbourhood” and “home”. In Thomas and Beulah (1986), Mother Love (1995) and Grace Notes (1989), Dove finds her way in describing the home and neighborhood far more Cosmopolitan. The pressure on twentieth – century African American American writers generally and post-Black writers especially to follow racial protocols , writing within the protest theme or on the overt subject matter, cause very real tension. Furthermore, stepping outside...
Cited: Dove, Rita. “Museum.” Kennedy Center Stagebill (Nov.1995): 8-11
___ “Mother love.”Newyork: W.W. Norton, 1995
___ “Grace Notes. New York: W. W. Nortan,1989.
Pierre, Malin. Rita Dove’s Cosmopolitanism. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2003
Rampersad, Arnold. “The legacy of Black Intellectuals.” Raritan 18.4 (Spring 1999)
Steffen, Therese. “The Darker Face of the Earth: A conversation with Rita Dove.”Transition 74 (1998): 112-23
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