Our society presumption for the criminal justice system is to punish and rehabilitate offenders who engage in criminal activity. The criminal justice system recognizes punishment, rehabilitation, incapacitation and deterrence as the system four goals. Our country has always recognized punishment and rehabilitation as our two main goals. It has been debated by several philosophers which is more effective, punishment or rehabilitation. Punishment and rehabilitation are the main two goals that will be analyzed and compared to see the effectiveness it has on deterrence, the effects on victims and their families, the effect on offenders, and the social and fiscal effect it has on society. Punishment is a penalty that is imposed on an offender for committing a criminal act. Rehabilitation is design to educate offenders on how to return to society and be productive. Effectiveness of Punishment & Rehabilitationof Rehabilitation Deterrence
Deterrence is an important goal of the criminal justice system. There are two types of deterrence: general deterrence and special deterrence (Adler, Mueller, Laufer, 2009). General deterrence are for the general people who commit crimes and knows that the law forbids that type of behavior and the individuals who have violated will be penalized (Adler, Mueller, Laufer, 2009). Special deterrence which is also called specific deterrence, tries to place fear into an offender in hopes that it will deter the offender from committing future criminal activity. The justice system idea was to imposed punishment on individuals in event that it will deter criminal activity. One of the most frequent types of punishment is incapacitation. Research has exhibit that offenders who are release from prison has risen 63% and displays that majority of the offenders had been arrested and convicted before (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1989). It seems as though punishment is not serving its goal. Also, it has been argued rather or not if the death penalty and life sentences are deterrence to committing criminal activity. Personally, punishment is not working for the criminal justice system. The crime rate has risen significantly. There are so many reasons to why punishment is not necessary effective as expected. One of the main reasons could be the lengthy process of appeals and the time spent on death row. Rehabilitation is also an import goal of the criminal justice system. It has been debated that rehabilitation actually aides in deterring criminal activity. As part of rehabilitation, providing community supervision could have an effect on the offender and hopefully deter him or her from committing any crimes in the near future. Community supervision would educate the offender on how to adapt and be productive in society by providing opportunities to be academically prepared and learn trade skills. By providing these types of training would aid offenders to find great occupations, feel as though he or she is essential to society and provide a sense of comfort. Another form of rehabilitation is therapy. There are all types of therapy that can aid in deterring offenders from committing crime in the future such as psychological counseling and drug rehabs. Rehabilitation is designed to changed a criminal mind and provide the necessary resources to help deter any future thoughts of committing criminal activities. Sentencing an offender with probation provides the opportunity for the offender to support him or herself within society and not depend on the taxpayers and state money for the support. Effects on victims and families
Victims’ rights are often seen as not as important as the offender. The criminal justice system courts are legally obligated to provide the offender with his or her U.S. Constitutional rights such as a right to an attorney, the right to know who are the witnesses, a speedy trial and of course due process. It seems as though victim’s rights were not...
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