1900: New Orleans, Louisiana
The New Orleans Race Riots of 1900 were sparked after African American laborer Robert Charles shot a police officer, which led to a manhunt. Twenty-eight people were killed in the conflict, including Robert Charles himself. Many more people were killed and wounded by riots stemming from the manhunt. 1900: New York City, New York
1906: Atlanta, Georgia
On September 22nd, 1906, Atlanta newspapers reported four alleged assaults on local white women. Soon, some 10,000 white men and boys began gathering on Decatur Street in the Five Points area downtown. The newspapers with their incendiary headlines were circulated around and the mob soon turned violent, running down, beating, stabbing, and/or lynching black members of the community who were on the street. White rioters began pulling black people off the backs of trolley cars, looting black stores, and setting fire to other buildings. The riot lasted four days and caused the then current governor to call in the Militia. Even with the Militia the crowd did not disperse until a heavy rain came. The Militia was able to then take control of the town, even though separate groups of Klan members still tried to ransack black suburbs on the outskirts of town. 1906: Brownsville, Texas
1908: Springfield, Illinois
he Springfield Race Riot of 1908 was a mass civil disturbance in Springfield, Illinois, USA sparked by the transfer of two African American prisoners out of the city jail by the county sheriff. This act enraged many white citizens, who responded by burning black-owned homes and businesses and killing black citizens. By the end of the riot, there were at least seven deaths and US$200,000 in property damage. The riot led to the formation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, a civil rights organization. 1910: Nationwide riots following the heavyweight championship fight between Jack Johnson and Jim Jeffries in Reno, Nevada on July 4
Johnson's fight against Jeffries, 1910.
In 1910, former undefeated heavyweight champion James J. Jeffries came out of retirement and said, "I am going into this fight for the sole purpose of proving that a white man is better than a Negro." Jeffries had not fought in six years and had to lose around 100 pounds to try to get back to his championship fighting weight. At the fight, which took place on July 4, 1910 in front of 22,000 people, at a ring built just for the occasion in downtown Reno, Nevada, the ringside band played, "All coons look alike to me". The fight had become a hotbed of racial tension, and the promoters incited the all-white crowd to chant "kill the nigger". Johnson, however, proved stronger and more nimble than Jeffries. In the 15th round, after Jeffries had been knocked down twice for the first time in his career, his people called it quits to prevent Johnson from knocking him out. The "Fight of the Century" earned Johnson $225,000 and silenced the critics, who had belittled Johnson's previous victory over Tommy Burns as "empty," claiming that Burns was a false champion since Jeffries had retired undefeated.
Riots and Aftermath
The outcome of the fight triggered race riots that evening — the Fourth of July — all across the United States, from Texas and Colorado to New York and Washington, D.C. Johnson's victory over Jeffries had dashed white dreams of a finding a "great white hope" to defeat him. Many whites felt humiliated by the defeat of Jeffries and were incensed by Johnson's comments. Blacks, on the other hand, were jubilant, and celebrated Johnson's great victory as a victory for their entire race. Black poet William Waring Cuney later highlighted the African-American reaction to the fight in his poem, "My Lord, What a Morning". Around the country, blacks organized spontaneous parades, gathered in prayer meetings, and purchased goods with their newly won gambling earnings. These celebrations often drew a violent response from...
References: Between January 1 and September 14, 1919 at least 43 African Americans were lynched, with an additional eight men burnt at the stake.
Events during the Red Summer of 1919 (chronological order)
Please join StudyMode to read the full document