After the 13th amendment was ratified, all the slaves were set free from their masters. But as time passed, the white people still treated them like a minority and in many ways it was as if they were still slaves. Yes, they were free to go wherever they wanted without being punished, but they were still not able to do many of the things that white people did. It was as if they had never really been freed. The Emancipated slaves suffered through terrible injustices and faced major discrimination due to Black Codes and other cruel laws. Black Codes essentially brought back slavery with a different name. Slavery was abolished, but the unjust treatment towards African-Americans and other ex-slaves still remained a problem. In 1868, the Fourteenth amendment was ratified and became part of the Constitution. Republicans believed that this amendment would finally solve the problem of the injustices’ that the ex-slaves were facing. The Fourteenth amendment is composed of five different sections and is believed by many to be “the most important constitutional change in the nation’s history (24, Foner).” The Fourteenth amendment redefines what a U.S. citizen is so that everyone who is born in the U.S. is a citizen-not just white people. Also, the amendment provides equal protection of the law and prohibits anyone from depriving “any person life, liberty, or property, without process of law.” This amendment banned any legal discrimination against other people and it was thought to be answer to the discrimination problems. 14th amendment allowed the ex-slaves to become American citizens, and acknowledged them as equals instead of a minority or as property. Dawes Act of 1887:
In the last few decades of the 19th century there were over 200 battles between the Americans and the Plain Indians. The Americans wanted the land the Plain Indians were living on, but The Indians were not about to let the Americans take away everything they had, so they showing...
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