Victimization in the Criminal Justice System

Topics: Crime, Criminal justice, Victim Pages: 2 (595 words) Published: October 9, 2011
Victimization is an issue that is constantly being addressed and analyzed by the Criminal Justice System, and members of our society, it is a study known as victimology. According to the Justice Department and the U.S. Census Bureau, victimization isn’t random. They have supported evidence from The National Victimization Survey. The NCVS is a federally sponsored survey which is given yearly, and is a useful piece of crime data. The survey is done by carefully selecting a portion of the U.S. consisting of 40 thousand homes, amounting to a total of 75 thousand surveyor’s who are asked to anonymously provide any information they may have involving victimization of members of their household in the previous year. Surveyors are asked to report on the frequency, characteristics, and consequences of; rape, assault, robbery, theft, and motor vehicle theft. This allows crime experts to estimate the amount of crimes that take place in the U.S. throughout the year, including the ones that are never reported. The information is analyzed thoroughly because this survey is a sample of the victimization throughout the nation as a whole. This helps give us a look at the “dark corner or crime” and gain a better knowledge on how to recognize crime victims. The data collected from the NCVS shows that there are nearly 23 million victimizations each year. It also helps us understand the social and demographic characteristics of crime victims. There are many characteristics of victims that contribute to the cause of victimization and the likelihood that it will occur. These factors are; gender, age, race, income, marital status, and ecological factors. Victimization affects a person physically, emotionally, and financially. Physically, it may result in injury to the victim, causing hospitalization, or death. Emotionally, it can cause serious trauma to the victim. Financially, a victim may suffer from lost wages due to injuries, making them suffer from the cost of medical...
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